1884 - 1962
Date Added: 2023-11-13T11:25:10Z
Eleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962) was an American diplomat, humanitarian, and, most notably, the longest-serving First Lady of the United States. She held the position from 1933 to 1945 during the four terms of her husband, President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Born Anna Eleanor Roosevelt on October 11, 1884, in New York City, she came from a socially and politically prominent family. Eleanor Roosevelt transformed the role of First Lady by actively engaging in social and political issues. Despite societal expectations for women of her time, she became a powerful advocate for civil rights, workers' rights, and social justice. Her deep commitment to these causes earned her the nickname "First Lady of the World." During Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency, Eleanor played a crucial role in shaping the New Deal policies, advocating for women's rights, and promoting racial equality. She held press conferences, wrote a newspaper column, and traveled extensively, making her one of the most visible and influential First Ladies in history. After her husband's death in 1945, Eleanor continued her public service. President Harry S. Truman appointed her as the first delegate to the United Nations General Assembly, where she played a pivotal role in drafting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Her efforts in advancing human rights and international cooperation earned her widespread admiration. Eleanor Roosevelt's impact extended beyond politics. She authored numerous books, including her autobiography "This Is My Story" and "This I Remember," and her daily syndicated newspaper column "My Day." Her writing showcased her keen intellect, compassion, and dedication to social causes. Throughout her life, Eleanor Roosevelt faced personal challenges, including a strained marriage and the loss of loved ones. Despite these difficulties, she emerged as a resilient and inspiring figure, leaving an enduring legacy of activism and advocacy for human rights. Eleanor Roosevelt's contributions to social justice, diplomacy, and human rights continue to be celebrated. She remains a symbol of courage and leadership, particularly for her commitment to promoting equality, justice, and compassion on a global scale.
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