Women's Activism NYC

Euphemia Haynes

1890 - 1980

By: Mary Stein | Date Added:

Euphemia Haynes was the first African American Woman to obtain a doctorate degree. She taught in the public schools of Washington, D.C., for 47 years and in 1966 became the first woman to chair the DC Board of Education. Haynes was a professor of mathematics at Miner’s Teachers College where she was chair of the Division of Mathematics and Business Education, a department she created. She retired in 1959 from the public school system, but went on to establish the mathematics department at Miners Teacher's College. She also occasionally taught part-time at Howard University. Haynes was involved in many community activities. She served as first vice president of the Archdiocesan Council of Catholic Women, chair of the Advisory Board of Fides Neighborhood House, on the Committee of International Social Welfare, on the Executive Committee of the National Social Welfare Assembly, secretary and member of the Executive Committee of the DC Health and Welfare Council, on the local and national committees of the United Service Organization, a member of the National Conference of Christians and Jews, Catholic Interracial Council of Washington, the Urban League, NAACP, League of Women Voters, and the American Association of University Women. In addition, Pope John XXIII awarded her the Papal decoration of honor, Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice, in 1959. She fought for the desegregation of Washington DC public schools throughout her career.

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